Also referred to as the belly. It is the part of the body that contains all of the internal structures between the chest and the pelvis.
A variation from a normal structure or function of the body.
Drug that kills bacteria or prevents them from multiplying.
Single-celled microorganisms that can exist independently (free-living) or dependently upon another organism for life (parasite). They can cause infection and are usually treated with antibiotics.
Muscular container in which urine is temporarily stored before being discharged through the urethra.
Also known as cystitis. Typical symptoms include burning with urination, frequency, urgency and wetting.
A mineral that the body needs for strong bones and teeth. Calcium may form stones in the kidney.
A thin tube that is inserted through the urethra into the bladder.
Also known as computerized axial tomography. A diagnostic imaging procedure that uses a combination of X-rays and computer technology to produce cross-sectional images of the body. Shows detailed images of any part of the body, including bones, muscles, fat and organs. CT scans are more detailed than general X-rays.
A laboratory test in which organisms, particularly bacteria, are allowed to grow to determine the type of bacteria and their specific sensitivity to antibiotics.
An abnormal sac containing gas, fluid or a semisolid material. Cysts may form in kidneys or other parts of the body.
Also known as bladder infection. Urinary tract infection involving the bladder, which causes inflammation of the bladder and results in pain and a burning feeling in the pelvis or urethra.
A pouch or sac in the lining of the mucous membrane of an organ.
Female hormone produced by the ovaries.
The basic unit capable of transmitting characteristics from one generation to the next.
A physician who specializes in female reproductive health.
A natural chemical produced in one part of the body and released into the blood to trigger or regulate particular functions in another part of the body.
A condition resulting from the presence of bacteria or other microorganisms.
One of two bean-shaped organs that filter wastes from the blood and discharge these waste products in urine. The kidneys are located near the middle of the back. The kidneys send urine to the bladder through tubes called ureters.
Also called pyelonephritis. Urinary tract infection involving the kidney. Typical symptoms include abdominal or back pain, fever, malaise, nausea, vomiting.
The time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop.
Inflammation of the kidneys.
Also referred to as kidney infection. Urinary tract infection involving the kidney. Typical symptoms include abdominal or back pain, fever, malaise, nausea, vomiting.
Also referred to as spermatozoa. Male germ cells (gametes or reproductive cells) that are produced by the testicles and that are capable of fertilizing the female partner's eggs.
With regard to treating ureteral stones, a tube inserted through the urethra and bladder and into the ureter. Stents are used to aid treatment in various ways, such as preventing stone fragments from blocking the flow of urine.
Incapable of becoming pregnant or inducing pregnancy.
Also referred to as a sonogram. A technique that bounces harmless sound waves off organs to create an image.
One of two tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
Tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
This narrow tube carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. In men it also serves as the channel through which semen is ejaculated.
A test of a urine sample that can reveal many problems of the urinary system and other body systems. The sample may be observed for physical characteristics, chemistry, the presence of drugs or germs or other signs of disease.
The system that takes wastes from the blood and carries them out of the body in the form of urine. Passageway from the kidneys to the ureters, bladder and urethra.
urinary tract infection
Also referred to as UTI. An illness caused by harmful bacteria, viruses or yeast growing in the urinary tract.
To release urine from the bladder to the outside.
Liquid waste product filtered from the blood by the kidneys, stored in the bladder and expelled from the body through the urethra.
Laboratory test to identify the presence of bacteria in the urine.
A doctor who specializes in diseases of the male and female urinary systems and the male reproductive system.
The tube in a woman's body that rests behind the urethra and connects the uterus (womb) to the outside of the body. Sexual intercourse, the outflow of blood during menstruation, and the birth of a baby all take place through the vagina.
Also referred to as vas. The cordlike tube that carries sperm from the testicle to the urethra.